Chief Justice of India, Dhananjaya Yeshwant Chandrachud, delved into the ethical considerations surrounding Artificial Intelligence (AI) during the 36th ‘LAWASIA’ conference. Highlighting the complex interplay between AI and personhood, he raised fundamental questions about the ethical treatment of these technologies, especially in light of instances like the granting of citizenship to the human-like robot Sophia in Saudi Arabia.
Justice Chandrachud emphasized the need for philosophical reflection and practical considerations in navigating the uncharted territories of AI. He pondered whether all living beings are entitled to personhood and citizenship based on their identity.
Speaking virtually at the conference, he addressed the intersection of AI and personhood, exploring the impact on individual identity and the state’s role in acknowledging it. The CJI linked identity to an individual’s access to resources, their ability to voice grievances, and the pursuit of rights.
Reflecting on liberty, he asserted its role in allowing individuals to make choices and shape their lives. The CJI discussed the incomplete task of establishing the relationship between identity and liberty, acknowledging the challenges faced by marginalized communities.
Justice Chandrachud drew on historical perspectives, referencing John Stuart Mill’s 1859 book on liberty. He highlighted the ongoing struggle between liberty and authority, advocating for constitutional checks to prevent the tyranny of the state.
In conclusion, the CJI stressed the need to broaden perspectives, incorporating pluralism and diversity as fundamental to the concept of popular sovereignty.
With inputs from PTI