New Delhi: In a significant move to strengthen global efforts against climate change, the Conference of the Parties 28 (COP28) Presidency organized a High-Level Roundtable on ‘Unlocking High-Integrity Carbon Markets.’
This roundtable, attended by leaders from multilateral institutions, including COP28 President Dr Sultan Al-Jaber, UNFCCC Executive Secretary Simon Stiell, World Bank Group President Ajay Banga, and GFANZ Co-Chair and UN Special Envoy for Climate Finance Mark Carney, along with senior representatives from nations committed to fostering high-integrity carbon markets.
The discussions highlighted the importance of carbon pricing schemes, compliance markets, and high-integrity voluntary carbon markets (VCMs) in the global net-zero transition. The complementary roles of these mechanisms were underscored, emphasizing their critical contributions.
Carbon markets were identified as key channels to finance high-quality decarbonization projects in emerging markets and developing economies (EMDEs).
UNFCCC Executive Secretary Simon Stiell acknowledged the progress made by the Article 6.4 supervisory body. World Bank Group President Ajay Banga unveiled plans for the growth of high-integrity global carbon markets, with 15 countries poised to generate income from carbon credits through the preservation of their forests.
The achievements of the Integrity Council for the Voluntary Carbon Market and Voluntary Carbon Markets Integrity initiative in establishing essential guardrails for high-integrity credit supply and demand in the voluntary market were acknowledged. However, the need for ongoing capacity building to empower EMDEs for active participation in international carbon markets was stressed.
Participants recognized the imperative need for coordination among key stakeholders to integrate the remaining components of the global carbon markets architecture by 2024 and 2025. The call for coordinated action extended across governments, multilateral institutions, principles-setters, carbon credit standards, businesses, financial institutions, and the broader carbon markets value chain.
The objective is to ensure a cohesive and mutually reinforcing global carbon market architecture aligned with climate mitigation goals.
This high-level gathering marked a crucial stride towards intensifying coordination efforts, ensuring the effective functioning of high-integrity carbon markets, and bolstering commitments under the Paris Agreement.
The united vision expressed at the roundtable signifies a concerted global push towards creating robust frameworks that can effectively address the challenges of climate change.